City Politics

 

 

 

 


Responsible Gun Ownership:


America is losing far too many people to gun violence. I’m committed to solving the problem. I support universal background checks, stand with law enforcement in opposing permitless carry and was proud to pass legislation closing the boy-friend loophole.

Access to Abortion and related services:


I believe women and their doctor should be given the privacy to make health care decisions. Extremist state legislators should not play a larger role in family planning than families themselves.

Adjustments to the cost of health care:
Health care cost is one of the biggest threats to many Ohio families. I’m proud to have passed a law this year that will cap the price of insulin at $35 per month for seniors while capping their out of pocket prescription costs to no more than $2,000 per year.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues:

Climate change presents peril and incredible opportunity, particularly for our region. Companies like Toledo Solar and First Solar are a part of addressing excess carbon emissions and rebuilding our region’s manufacturing sector. I’m committed to investing in all of the above energy strategies as we transition to a renewable energy future.

Transgender athletes and participation in competition:


All athletes deserve dignity and respect. Rules regarding scholastic athletic participation are best left to schools, parents, teachers, and coaches not extremist legislators.

Bolstering local business opportunities and support:


In Congress I fight to deliver the funding needed to help employers in Northern Ohio thrive. From ensuring our region has the roads, bridges, and broadband infrastructure needed to compete, to investing in research that spawns new innovations like the technology used by First Solar and manufacturers across the region.

Teaching K-12 grades critical race theory:


High quality education is key to our region’s ability to compete in the global economy. I strongly support a well rounded education that includes science and the humanities, math and the arts, vocational trades and history.

Gay marriage:

I oppose discrimination on the basis of sex and support marraige equality and have cast votes in Congress consistent with these positions.

The events of January 6, 2021:


On January 6th J.R. Majewski and a mob attacked the US Capitol to overturn the people’s will in an election. Majewski broke past police barricades. 140 police were injured. Majewski hasn’t apologized, he blamed the police, and said he’d do it again. Injuring police is wrong.

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio:


Ohio workers deserve a raise – $7 an hour is not enough to raise a family on. I have been a consistent supporter of living wage legislation.

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care):


The U.S. remains one of the few modern countries without paid leave. Last year I supported legislation to create paid family leave, but it stalled in the Senate. I’m not done fighting to deliver this critical resource for working families.


THE ISSUES:

Responsible Gun Ownership:

No matter where you live in Ohio, you deserve to feel safe. I will work to pass common-sense laws like universal background checks and red flag laws, which are supported by a majority of Ohioans, including law enforcement, and will keep guns from people who want to hurt others. 

Access to Abortion and related services:

I support access to abortion services and the codification of Roe v. Wade in the Ohio Constitution. This issue affects the future of Ohio. Women and their partners, along with health care providers, will be dissuaded from residing in Ohio if women are restricted in their health care decisions.

Adjustments to the cost of health care:

No Ohioan should have to choose between keeping food on the table and paying for life-saving medicine. As governor, I will lower prescription drug costs by cracking down on price gouging and capping out-of-pocket insulin costs at $30 a month.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues:

Climate change is a threat, but also an opportunity to create new industries and jobs for Ohioans. I will prioritize resources for post-secondary education — from career tech schools to apprenticeships to community colleges to universities — to build the talent base needed for the jobs of the future. (43) 

Transgender athletes and participation in competition:

Our state elected officials need to be focused on the issues that actually impact Ohio families, like protecting abortion access, raising wages, and makes our communities more safe. 

Bolstering local business opportunities and support:

I’ll invest in Ohio’s businesses, especially its small businesses. We know that these businesses are the cornerstone of our communities and our state. They deserve a governor who will look out for them, not just the large companies that come with a fancy ribbon cutting or groundbreaking.

Teaching K-12 grades critical race theory:

Critical race theory isn’t taught in Ohio K-12 schools. And it shouldn’t be. A few politicians are trying to use this to divide and scare parents. I think we need to teach history – the good and the bad – so we can learn about it for our future.

Gay marriage :

No matter who you are or who you love, you should be welcome in Ohio. I support gay marriage and was honored to perform the first same-sex marriage in Ohio. As Governor, I will work to make Ohio a more welcoming and inclusive state, just like I did in Dayton.

The events of January 6, 2021:

It was a riot and an insurrection aimed at undermining the core values and principles of the United States and democracy. Those responsible should be prosecuted and the politicians who incited it should be held accountable.

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio:

I support raising wages for all Ohio workers, including raising the minimum wage in Ohio to $15 an hour. This is how we make Ohio a place where one good job is enough and where every community can thrive.

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care):

I support the implementation and expansion of family leave programs by private businesses and the public sector.  As mayor of Dayton, I led the effort to provide paid family leave for all city employees. This is a vital program to help Ohio families.


 

 

What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law?

I advocated for clients for twenty years, litigating in state and federal courts, representing clients from all over the world and all walks of life. This included Intellectual Property, Labor and Employment, Criminal Defense, Custody, and Immigration Law. I successfully handled many complex cases, including appeals to the federal courts.

As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved?

Growing up in neighborhoods devastated by drugs and crime, the show “Police Women” inspired me. I came to Ohio 34 years ago as an IT Manager for Procter & Gamble. Ultimately, I pursued my dream, becoming an attorney. It is my oldest brother who became the Police Officer.

What do you feel is the role of the judiciary in addressing the perceived crisis in our community as it relates to violent crime?

Younger and younger teens are being charged with crimes. It is critical that our juvenile court system emphasizes rehabilitation by providing mental health treatment and behavior therapy, programs to strengthen families, and educational opportunities to enable our youth to re-enter the community without committing further crime.

Fill in the blank “The Toledo Legal Community reminds me of ________________.”

My family. Hardworking, sometimes underestimated, upfront, and welcoming.

Which legal movie would you choose to view, and why? My Cousin Vinny or Liar, Liar?

My Cousin Vinny. In addition to it being hilarious, it teaches us to not judge people too harshly and that everyone deserves a fair chance.

Describe a situation in which you dealt with an ethical dilemma and how you resolved it.

In 2011, I represented a client who had previously hired a person he thought was an attorney. Had my client followed this person’s advice, he would have been subject to deportation. I notified authorities that this person was practicing law without a license and cooperated in the subsequent investigation.

What do you consider your greatest strengths as a (prospective) judge? Weaknesses?

My ability to fully grasp all sides of the issues that come before the court, and my commitment to faithfully apply to law equally to all, independent of outside influence or political pressure. I earned the highest rating, “Excellent”, from the Cleveland Metropolitan Bar Association.

What are the major influences in your life and why?

My mother. She had two sayings, “The only inheritance from me is your education”, and “Do not have a single dollar in your pocket that wasn’t earned.” After leaving a difficult marriage, she single-handedly raised her four children working as a seamstress in a unionized garment factory.

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? Are you committed to serving out the full term?

I am committed to serving the full-term at the Ohio Supreme Court with resolved dedication to serving everyone and faithfully applying the law equally to all, untainted by outside influences.


What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law?

Prior to being elected to the Ohio Supreme Court, I served as Judge, 10th District Court of Appeals and Franklin County Common Pleas Court. As a trial court judge, I founded the county’s adult felony drug court, known as the TIES Program, now in its 17th year of operation.

What do you feel is the role of the judiciary in addressing the perceived crisis in our community as it relates to violent crime?

Ohio is at a point in time that experienced and principled leadership of the Ohio Supreme Court is critical. The judiciary is an entire branch of government, and it is the only branch of state government that can hold the other two branches accountable in quelling corruption perceived or otherwise.

Which legal movie would you choose to view, and why? My Cousin Vinny or Liar, Liar?

I would select My Cousin Vinny. For all the formality of court, it is about allowing access to courts no matter what differences exist.

What are the major influences in your life and why?
I consider Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg as my judicial role model. She was smart, worked within the legal system, has been creative and dogged… in fighting for equal rights of women. I try to emulate her work in the clarity and directness of her written decisions.

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? Are you committed to serving out the full term? If elected, this judicial term would be six years. I am committed to serving out the full term.


What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law?

In practice I handled adult criminal and juvenile delinquency cases and civil matters. I also served as a part-time magistrate hearing civil, small claims, and eviction cases before serving 14 years as a judge in the Domestic Relations Court. I have served as a Justice since 2012.

As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved?

As a young person I wanted to serve as a police officer. In 1985, I began serving as a police officer in the City of Hamilton. I later left law enforcement because I thought I could do more serving the needs of families and the less fortunate as an attorney.

If you became aware of unethical conduct on the part of a trial advocate during a case you were presiding over, how would you handle it?

I would stop the proceedings and address the matter immediately. While serving on the trial court bench I had the occasion to address such a matter which was resolved by the Ohio Lawyers Assistance Program.

What do you feel is the role of the judiciary in addressing the perceived crisis in our community as it relates to violent crime?

As framed the question alleges that there is only a perception of a rise in violent crime. If that perception is untrue, a judge can inform the public of the true statistics through editorials and civic speaking engagements and collaborate with other criminal justice partners to calm the public.

Fill in the blank: “The Toledo Legal Community reminds me of ____.”

Professionalism.

Which legal movie would you choose to view, and why? My Cousin Vinny or Liar, Liar?

My Cousin Vinny. In spite of the comedy and the egregious lying to the tribunal, the evidence discovered during the investigation by the defense attorney ensured two innocent persons were not wrongfully convicted.

Describe a situation in which you dealt with an ethical dilemma and how you resolved it.

I became aware that an attorney had a substance abuse problem that was negatively impacting his clients, I reported to the Ohio Lawyers Assistance Program. When an attorney called a past friend to testify in a case I was presiding over I stopped the proceedings and withdrew from the case.

What kind of jobs, interests or volunteer activities did you pursue during your schooling and law school?

At law school I served on the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance program and Honor Council, eventually becoming the Chair of the Honor Council.

What do you consider your greatest strengths as a judge? Weaknesses?

My greatest strengths as a judge/justice are that I am an active listener and a thorough problem solver. My greatest weakness is I am a generalist with no expertise in one area of law.

What are the major influences in your life and why?

My parents. They taught me that in order to achieve what you want to achieve in life – you must decide and commit, work hard and have fortitude.

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? Are you committed to serving out the full term?

Speaking in affirmation, when I am elected the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Ohio I will serve until term limited, age 70.


What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law? 

I have 8 years of trial practice in the area of criminal law including jury and bench trials in counties in Ohio. I have handled domestic relations cases, juvenile cases, probate and guardianship cases, and a few other civil cases as plaintiff counsel.

As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved? 

I wanted to be in the military. I had breathing conditions that prevented me from going into the military. I attempted to apply for JAG when I graduated law school but I was over the age to enter the JAG corps. I gave up on the idea of serving in the military and became a public servant through the judiciary.

If you became aware of unethical conduct on the part of a trial advocate during a case you were presiding over, how would you handle it? 

If it is something that doesn’t require a report, I would call counsel into my office together and talk to them in an attempt to prevent them from crossing an ethical line. If they did cross the ethical line, I would follow the requirement to report unethical conduct for investigation and provide a copy of the transcript, if one was available.

What do you feel is the role of the judiciary in addressing the perceived crisis in our community as it relates to violent crime?

The judiciary’s role is to enforce the law, either deny bond or set appropriate bonds to guarantee the defendant’s return while analyzing the factors: the type of crime, criminal history, past failures to appear and warrants issued for the same, the safety of the community, ties to the community, education level, employment history, and other factors the court finds relevant.

Which legal movie would you choose to view, and why? My Cousin Vinny or Liar, Liar?

Neither would be a selection that I would choose but if forced, My Cousin Vinny. It reminds me of the disparate treatment that a lawyer and his client may receive in a venue where the lawyer is not known. I have experienced this type of disparate treatment when representing clients in a county where I wasn’t known. There’s a culture that courts have that traditionally depends on the judge presiding.

Describe a situation in which you dealt with an ethical dilemma and how you resolved it.

I had a case called into the courtroom which involved a party with the last name “Jamison”. I went on the record and inquired of the party to see if we were related. After questioning for the purpose of creating a record, he said that we are first cousins. I inquired of counsel if she inquired about familial relationship and she had not. I informed both parties that I was recusing myself as the judge to avoid the appearance of impropriety.

What are the major influences in your life and why?
My parents, particularly my mother. She prepared us for school by teaching us to read, write, and our multiplication tables. She modeled excellence in work ethic, relationships and service to members of the community, and she always pressed forward when faced with challenges. She returned to college when we were in school and became one of the first Black women to be a supervisor for the WV Department of Welfare in our hometown of Welch, WV.

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? 

I’m seeking a seat on the Ohio Supreme Court and there is no higher state court. I do not intend to seek another judicial post in any other system.

Are you committed to serving out the full term? 

Yes I am.


What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law?
Over 25 years in at least 5 states plus Ohio. I represented parties as plaintiffs and defendants in federal and state courts, including Sixth, Tenth, and Second circuits. I won a case in US Supreme Court. I was Rated as a Best Lawyer in America, Ohio, and Cincinnati, and as a Super Lawyer.

As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved? I had hoped to become a lawyer starting in the 8th grade when I testified at a trial. I worked hard and then paid my way through Harvard Law School. I passed the Ohio and Texas bar exams. I also paid off all my student loans myself.

What do you feel is the role of the judiciary in addressing the perceived crisis in our community as it relates to violent crime? The role of the courts is to enforce the law as written in the Federal and Ohio Constitutions,
and in Ohio’s statutes. Unless a statute is unconstitutional, we must make sure the law is
enforced as set forth in the Criminal Rules of the Ohio Courts too.

What kind of jobs, interests or volunteer activities did you pursue during your schooling and law school? I paid my way through Harvard College and Harvard Law School (my parents had little money so I had no choice) as follows: cleaning bathrooms, picking up bags of trash, umpiring/refereeing intramural sports, bartending, cleaning dorm rooms, running intramural programs, and working summer jobs and clerkships. I also paid off all my student loans myself.

What are the major influences in your life and why? My parents, especially my father, had a great/major influence over me. He was a part of the greatest generation and fought as a Marine in the Pacific. He worked one full and one part time job much of his life so we kids could go to good high schools. He also impressed upon me that ‘showing up on time,’ that is a good work ethic, is the most important element to keeping a job and taking care of one’s family.

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? Are you committed to serving out the full term? Yes, I intend to serve my entire six-year term of office. I will not be looking for a different
position.


Responsible Gun Ownership Means that gun owners are well trained in the operation, maintenance, handling and safe storage of weapons.

Access to Abortion and related services is a private decision between the patient and her medical professional.

Adjustments to the cost of health care need to be made so that people have access to health care when they are sick and also preventative health care to help keep them from becoming sick.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues Government must do more efforts to reverse the effects.  More support for alternative energy technologies, more education and information should be available to show how people can reduce our carbon footprint.

Transgender athletes and participation in competition the Ohio legislature passed legislation that prohibited a transgender athlete from participating in high school sports.  This legislation was poorly written and is wrong.

Bolstering local business opportunities and support.  I have and will continue to be a strong advocate for economic development for NWOH.  I will continue to remind Columbus that Toledo IS part of Ohio and attention should be given to us.

Teaching K-12 grades critical race theory  First off, critical race theory IS NOT being taught in these grades.  It is one way that law school pedagogy can be use to examine how laws were created and applied.

Gay marriage are legal and should remain so.

The events of January 6, 2021 was an insurrection that should be a wake up for all that we must be come knowledgeable and participate in the democratic process.

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio is to a lo low.  We need to raise the minimum to create a living wage so that Ohio families can thrive.

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care) is a necessary piece to strengthening families and improving the number of people who can work.


Responsible Gun Ownership:
Responsible gun ownership is very important and critical.

Access to Abortion and related services:
Only in the case of rape, incest or life and death. 

Adjustments to the cost of health care:
Current cost of health care is too expensive.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues:
I would need more information to study.

Transgender athletes and participation in competition:
It is not fair and should not be allowed.

Bolstering local business opportunities and support:
We need to support local businesses and remove excessive red tape that hinders them. 

Teaching K-12 grades critical race theory:
Absolutely against it. 

Gay marriage:
It is their right.

The events of January 6, 2021:
Everyone has the right to protest as long as it is peaceful. 

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio:
Minimum wage in Ohio is where it should be at this time.

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care):
It depends if the employer is able to afford it. 


As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved?

Growing up, my godfather was an attorney, and I was always very impressed by him when I was a kid. I first wanted to be a lawyer when I was in the 6th grade. I took a detour from that idea for a time but ultimately realized that my true calling was the law after taking my first political science class at Ohio State.

Which legal movie would you choose to view, and why? My Cousin Vinny or Liar, Liar?

Both are great movies. Liar, Liar reminds us in a humorous way of the importance of being honest in our personal and professional lives. And while I like a lot of Jim Carrey movies, I have to choose My Cousin Vinny as my favorite. The interactions between Joe Pesci and the judge are great.

What do you consider your greatest strengths as a (prospective) judge? Weaknesses?

My experience as an assistant prosecutor, a civil litigation attorney, and a Judicial Attorney at the Ohio Supreme Court uniquely qualifies me to be on the Sixth District. These experiences will allow me to be effective from day one. I will show up every day and do the work needed to ensure that I am efficiently making decisions that are based on the law and not my personal or political views.

What are the major influences in your life and why?

The major influences in my life are God, my wife, my three kids, and my parents.


What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law?

I have significant courtroom experience in civil and criminal law as a county prosecutor, public defender, and with Toledo’s civil law department.  I have completed numerous trials, including civil and criminal jury trials. I reviewed all aspects of the law at the 6th District Court of Appeals.

As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved? Growing up, I wanted to be a professional baseball player and a lawyer. I was lucky enough to play baseball through college before going to law school, but quickly realized that only one of those hopes was realistic for me. 

Fill in the blank “ The Toledo Legal Community reminds me of ________________.”

“A family.” We have an outstanding bar in Toledo. I interact with several lawyers every day. We may not agree on every issue, but we are able to vigorously represent our clients while maintaining respect for each other.

Which legal movie would you choose to view, and why? My Cousin Vinny or Liar, Liar

My Cousin Vinny is one of my all-time favorites. I love how Vinny shows up to defend his family. I enjoyed how he took on a seemingly impossible case, went in with no preconceived notions, and put himself in the shoes of all the witnesses. 

What kind of jobs, interests or volunteer activities did you pursue during your schooling and law school?

I enjoy working with kids. During my schooling and law school, I worked as a volunteer baseball and football coach, and volunteered at my church as a Sunday school teacher. 

What are the major influences in your life and why?

My parents are a major influence in my life. They taught me the values of hard work, integrity, being a good husband and father, and the importance of respecting everyone. I try to live my life in the example they set for me. 

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? Are you committed to serving out the full term?

When I worked at the 6th District Court of Appeals, I realized that it would be a dream job for me. I love learning about the law and enjoy research and writing. I would serve at least a full term and would not seek a judicial post at a higher level. 


What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law?
I am a former Assistant Lucas County Prosecutor. I represented the State of Ohio
in adult felony proceedings, with charges including murder, rape, aggravated
robbery, drug trafficking, and firearms cases. I also assisted on cases in Juvenile
court involving delinquency matters related to pending adult cases assigned to
me.

As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved? In Junior High School I thought, I wanted to become a lawyer. I took the bus downtown to the courthouse to observe lawyers in court. I visited a courtroom where I encountered a female judge who inspired me to become a lawyer and run for judge.

What do you feel is the role of the of the judiciary in addressing the perceived crisis innour community as it relates to violent crime? Incarceration is one necessary option but not the only answer. Many young people can be set on the right path with smart and early intervention. We need to get to the root of the problems that bring children and families into the Juvenile Court.

Fill in the blank “The Toledo Legal Community reminds me of a family full of unique
individuals striving to practice law in a culture of camaraderie, collegiality, competence
and mutual trust that we call “The Toledo Way”.

Which legal movie would you choose to view, and why? My Cousin Vinnie or Liar, Liar? My Cousin Vinnie

Describe a situation in which you dealt with an ethical dilemma and how you resolved it. What kind of jobs, interests or volunteer activities did you pursue during your schooling and law school? What do you consider your greatest strengths as a (prospective) judge? Weaknesses? As a judge, I will be tough, but fair. I will bring a balance of life experience, professional experience, and a proven record of service and leadership that our community and the court needs right now.

What are the major influences in your life and why?

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? Are you committed to serving out the full term?


PLEASE ANSWER AT LEAST 5-7 OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN 50 WORDS OR
LESS: What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law? Prior to becoming a Judge, my most recent criminal experience was as an Assistant Lucas County Prosecutor at Juvenile Court, where I handled the very cases which are before me as the Judge. While still in school, I also handled criminal matters as a Public Defender intern. My civil experience includes child support cases, adoptions, guardianships, trusts, estates, property matters, licensing issues as well as presiding over children services matters as a Judge, hearing officer and magistrate.

As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved? As a first generation college graduate, I did not know of all the possibilities a college degree could bring. I knew I wanted to help people and make a difference in the world. As a young child, I wanted to be a nurse because my grandfather was in the hospital a lot, but I do not have the stomach for a medical career. With a psychology degree, I looked to the law to help pave the path to helping others.

If you became aware of unethical conduct on the part of a trial advocate during a case you were presiding over, how would you handle it? It depends upon the severity of the conduct and whether it prejudiced the other side. My response would range from counseling the attorney to sanctioning the attorney and referring the matter to the grievance committee. And I would attempt to remediate any potential prejudice.

What do you feel is the role of the judiciary in addressing the perceived crisis in our community as it relates to violent crime? As a Juvenile Judge, my role is to do my best to keep our community and our kids safe. I tend to detain youthful offenders who commit gun-related offenses in order to incapacitate them long enough to hopefully challenge their thought process and decision-making so that they don’t commit further violence or become victims themselves.

Fill in the blank “The Toledo Legal Community reminds me of family.” As a new lawyer I learned and now mentor others in “The Toledo Way”. The Toledo Way emphasizes
professionalism and treating each other with consideration. And I have seen, firsthand, lawyers help each other when one stumbles, as opposed to kicking them when they are down. Most of us truly care about each others’ well-being. And as a judge, I love to see lawyers working for the just result—not “winning at all cost.”

Which legal movie would you choose to view, and why? My Cousin Vinnie or Liar, Liar? My Cousin Vinnie for sure. While Vinnie is clearly in a place he has no business being, his persistence and ability to play the hand he’s been dealt is inspirational. He teaches us to keep our eyes open for clues and keep fighting for our clients, even when the odds seem
insurmountable. “Did you say ‘Yutes’?”.

Describe a situation in which you dealt with an ethical dilemma and how you resolved it. I was once directed in an employment situation to do something I believed to be contrary to the law (and therefore in violation of my ethical obligations). I refused to follow the direction and ultimately resigned from that position.

What kind of jobs, interests or volunteer activities did you pursue during your schooling and law school? During my undergraduate years, I worked full time, helping to support my family and caring for my father who was dying of cancer. While in law school, in addition to student organizations, I worked at the public defender’s office as a certified legal intern and participated in College of Law Legal Clinic and pursued mediation training.

What do you consider your greatest strengths as a (prospective) judge? Weaknesses? My 30-year legal career, working as a juvenile court and child support prosecutor, hearing officer, magistrate, defender-intern, and now juvenile judge have helped me be able to see all sides of an issue. I have a proven ability to make tough decisions thoughtfully. I also benefit greatly from my psychology degree and training in cognitive behavioral therapy as I interact with youthful offenders. I am hard-working, timely, patient and respectful in my interactions with others. My biggest weakness is probably a lack of confidence in myself sometimes.

What are the major influences in your life and why? I grew up in fairly humble surroundings and was greatly influenced by the example of my mother, whom I live my life trying to become. My family worked hard for everything we ever had, and was proud of our Polish heritage. From that beginning, my love of family, country and God was firmly instilled. That background taught me to champion those who may not have been blessed with all of the advantages others may have received. It also taught me to value fair play and to see the inherent goodness in humanity.

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? If I am fortunate enough to keep my job as Juvenile Court Judge, I will continue to seek office for this position until I am aged out. Are you committed to serving out the full term? Most definitely!


What is your personal experience practicing in the area of criminal or civil law?
1995 I began in Toledo Municipal Court as an intern, then Public Defender in Juvenile Court. 23 years as Assistant Lucas County Prosecutor. 9 years as Child Victim Prosecutor and 14 years as Deputy Chief of the Juvenile Division. Elected Judge in 2020. Full criminal and civil docket ever since.

As a young person, what profession did you hope to be involved in and how did that hope become resolved? I aspired to be a lawyer at age 10. I have never swayed from that goal. Everything I did from then on was devoted to going to law school. I was then accepted, graduated and passed the bar. I have never doubted that I was meant to be a lawyer.

If you became aware of unethical conduct on the part of a trial advocate during a case you were presiding over, how would you handle it? Depending on the severity, I would first pull the attorney aside and speak with them. Under the rules of ethics, in most cases there is no choice but to turn the matter over to the bar association.

What do you feel is the role of the judiciary in addressing the perceived crisis in our community as it relates to violent crime? Community Safety plays a role in my daily decision making as a common pleas judge. Whether it be making a decision about bond or appropriately sentencing a criminal defendant, protecting our community is of the utmost importance.

Fill in the blank “The Toledo Legal Community reminds of a close extended family.
Always there when you need them.”

Which legal movie would you choose and why? My Cousin Vinny. First and foremost you can’t beat the line “the two utes”. However, under all of the comedy there are some good messages. Appearances can be deceiving, don’t be afraid to ask others for help, and finally it epitomizes the legal standard of innocent until proven guilty.

Describe a situation in which you dealt with an ethical dilemma and how you resolved it. As a Prosecutor I was given a case of child abuse. I brought the youth in to interview. The child read from a notebook and said “my mom says this is what happened”. When confronted the parent denied coaching, but I had to turn all of the information over to defense and ultimately dismissed the case.

What kinds of jobs, interests or volunteer activities did you pursue during schooling and law school? In Law School volunteered with Special Olympics and was an intern with the Public Defender’s Office. Later I volunteered with Connecting Kids to Meals, Meals on Wheels, and completed projects for Family House and Beach House. I was President of the Zepf Center Board and a member of the YWCA Board.

What do you consider your greatest strengths as a (prospective) judge? Weaknesses? My strength is constant self-evaluation. I know I do not know everything in the law and I never will. I can admit mistakes and weaknesses and learn from them. A weakness was not having a civil background when I was elected and I still have a lot to learn in the area.

What are the major influences in your life?
My mother who worked at Jeep for 42 years and rose from secretary to management. All my drive and tenacity comes from her. My compassion I owe to my late sister Mimi who had Downs Syndrome. Also my senior attorneys and multitude of judges I appeared in front of in the last 25 years.

If elected (or re-elected) to this position, what is the minimum number of years you intend to serve before seeking a judicial post at a higher level? Are you committed to serving the full term? I currently have no intention of ever seeking another judicial position. Being a trial judge means everything to me and if re-elected I plan on retiring in this position.


The Lucas County Recorder’s Office handles some of our most important documents. They can range from documentation related to mortgages, real estate, land contracts, liens, certificate of transfer, deeds, plats, military service discharge, DD-214 Forms, military service I.D. cards, Medicaid recovery form, powers of attorney, health care power of attorney, living will declaration, and more. Your issue related questions do not apply to the role of the Lucas County Recorder, nor does the Lucas County Recorder have any accountability regarding these issues. Therefore, I respectfully decline to give my opinion or stance. I am more than willing to answer questions or discuss my education and work experience as it relates to managing the duties of Lucas County Recorder.


The Recorder’s office is an administrative service in Lucas County. The Recorder is primarily responsible for filing and maintaining complete, accurate, and accessible records of all deeds, mortgages, and other documents relating to the ownership, transfer, and encumbrance of all land within Lucas County.

I am a public servant, not a politician.  I am committed to serving as Recorder of Lucas County with dedication, honesty, integrity, and the highest standards possible.


 Responsible Gun Ownership –

I am a ‘Moms Demand Action’ Gun Sense candidate. I believe that the will of the majority of Ohioans should be honored in such things as requiring universal background checks for all gun sales, red flag laws with due process, and reinstituting the permitting process for concealed carry as well as the duty to inform police when stopped.

 Access to Abortion and related service –

I think the decision of if or when to end a pregnancy is between a woman, her family and her Doctor. It is a decision that the state should stay out of. Family planning services should be more widely available and appropriate sex education should be offered in schools  in order to decrease the incidence of unplanned pregnancies.

 Adjustments to the cost of health care –

Most Ohioans believe that healthcare is a basic human right. Moving swiftly to provide new and improved Medicare for All would be my preference. Yet, incremental change is all that will be possible until gerrymandering no longer keeps current “representatives” in office.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues –

Climate chaos is no longer debatable – except by those who want to continue to make money on fossil fuels. We need to fully fund public transit, get light rail options going, move to make our neighborhoods as walkable as possible, and educate our population about  reducing consumption. Wind and solar power have to be prioritized.

Transgender athletes and participation in competition –

The Ohio High School Athletic Association has standards in place to address the needs of these student athletes. Can we please stop making yet another issue into fodder for the culture wars?

Bolstering local business opportunities and support –

Small businesses are the lifeblood of any area and they give any city, including Toledo, it’s unique character. I think the single most freeing thing for small businesses would be to have universal healthcare in Ohio. Not having to worry about insuring oneself, one’s family or your employees would allow small businesses to be more profitable, expand and hire more readily.

Teaching K-12 grades critical race theory –

I understand why you include this question, but……. sigh……..Critical race theory is NOT, repeat NOT part of the curriculum in any K- 12 grade school in Ohio. It is a theory that appears at the college level in electives and unfortunately has become another bogeyman for those on the far right to use to stir up their base.

Gay marriage –

Love is love. Let’s not allow the illegitimately seated Supreme Court supermajority to take away that right, too, as they have taken away women’s privacy and bodily autonomy.

The events of January 6, 2021-

A coup attempt, and all the participants, (from the people in the streets to the former president and everybody in between) needs to be held fully accountable for their willingness to do violence and commit treason in service of staying in power.

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio –

Most Ohioans want a $15 minimum wage and though this is still not a truly livable wage, we need to start somewhere.

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care) –

It amazes me that we are still debating things like this, while every other country in the developed world has left us behind. Yes, we need to provide paid maternal and paternal leave as well as more generous FMLA to care for family members. A work/life balance should be available to American workers, too.


Responsible Gun Ownership

The 2nd Amendment enshrined the God-given right to self-defense. Our founding fathers lived under a tyrannical government and knew that the right to bear arms protects the other rights outlined in the Constitution. I believe that so long as someone is not a disqualified adult, under either federal or state law, they should be permitted to own, possess, and carry a firearm. I believe that we should be more active in providing and covering mental health screenings and requiring medical providers to provide information concerning mental diagnoses that can result in someone posing a threat to the community. I propose each school provides students K-12 with annual mental health, abuse, and threat assessment. This will allow us to identify issues before they place our communities at risk.

Access to Abortion and related services

I believe that we should protect life inside the womb the same as we do outside the womb. In Ohio, an individual may take the life of another only if they have a reasonable belief of imminent or immediate threat of great bodily harm or death. Therefore if there is an immediate or imminent threat to the life of the mother the pregnancy can be terminated, before the baby is viable outside the womb. Once the baby is at a stage in their development where they can survive outside the womb, delivering the baby must always be the first choice. Abortion should never be used as a form of birth control. Unfortunately, it is being used that way now. Any intentional act to kill a baby inside the womb is a homicide and should be held to the same standard as taking the life of any other Ohioan.

Adjustments to the cost of health care

I believe that to reduce the cost to patients, care providers should be required to be transparent about the costs of services. The cost of services should not vary depending on what type of insurance you have or even if you are uninsured. All patients should be charged the same price for all services. The only question then is if they have to pay for the services out of pocket or through their insurance provider.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues

Climate change is real, but the cause is not so clear. Many reports indicate that climate change is part of a natural cycle for our planet. That does not mean that we should not do everything we can to be environmentally friendly. Mandating environmental policies that harm our economy is not the solution. Instead, the government should be encouraging businesses, organizations, and individuals to be environmentally friendly through incentives, not mandates. We can provide incentives to businesses that will make environmentally friendly a profitable endeavor. Similarly, Ohioans should be encouraged to do what they can to combat climate change through tax incentives.

Transgender athletes and participation in competition

No biological male should be permitted to participate in female sports. PERIOD. We have to protect the athletic opportunities available to our girls by assuring that they are not facing boys playing their sports.

Bolstering local business opportunities and support

Businesses are just now recovering from the devastation that was created by government shutdowns. I will work with businesses to remove the red tape that is standing in their way. We need to reduce regulations that are preventing businesses from reaching their true potential. I will work with business leaders to help fill gaps in workforce development to assure that available jobs have skilled workers to fill those positions. I intend to work with businesses to make sure they can grow and flourish in Ohio.

Teaching K-12 grades critical race theory

CRT has no place in our classrooms. We do not need to teach kids that because of their skin color they are either an oppressor or being oppressed. Accurate history needs to be taught, including the painful past of slavery and discrimination, but that does not mean that our children should be taught that they somehow have to pay for the wrongs of those that came before them simply because of the color of their skin.

The events of January 6, 2021
The events of January 6th were horrible and a stain on our history and political process. I can honestly say that I saw this coming. I watched as political violence was promoted following the 2016 election. I watched as federal courthouses were attacked by protestors throwing fire bombs. I watched as people beat each other over the head with pipes and fought in the streets because they disagreed on political issues. I watched as our country became comfortable with political violence so long as it was to promote a particular view. I want to be clear, violence should never be used to push a political agenda or to suppress an opposing political view. Instead, we need to get back to the point where we can agree to disagree about a subject but respect each other’s position. Agree to disagree and move on. Violence has no place in the political process. Instead get active in your local elections, volunteer for the candidate of your choosing, donate to a campaign, and most importantly VOTE. Make sure your voice is heard in this process.

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio

Market conditions dictate how much consumers are willing to pay for a good or service. The government should not be in the business of picking winners and losers. Free market capitalism determines what wages are supported by the cost of the product or service. Forcing businesses to pay what is believed to be a “living wage” only drives up the price of goods or services. It creates inflation. It may look good on paper that you are paid more but it means nothing when that extra money in your pocket is offset by increases in prices. Instead, let’s work together to help individuals gain marketable skills that allow them to go on the job market and demand higher wages because of the value they bring to their employers. When elected I will work with the Office of Workforce Development, the Governor’s Executive Workforce Board, and the Governor’s Office of Workforce Transformation to transform the initiatives that have been put in place to assist Ohioans in obtaining marketable skills. We need to expand the Individual Microcredential Assistance Program (IMAP) to include training locations in Lucas County.

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care)

I believe that employers should provide paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care, but it is not the government’s role to mandate it. Instead, we should use our tax system to incentive businesses to provide paid/unpaid time off to their employees.


Responsible Gun Ownership:
As a gun owner and previously trained on various guns in the military I support common sense gun ownership.  

Access to Abortion and Related Services:
I support a woman to have access to abortion and related services of which she chooses to seek out.  A majority of the citizens of Lucas County, the State of Ohio and beyond, support a woman to make choices for her own body. 

Adjustment to the cost of health care: 
As a County Commissioner I will maintain a working relationship with the Toledo Lucas County Health Department to provide healthcare to our most vulnerable citizens while advocating at the State and Federal level for low cost high standard health care coverage.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues:
Climate change is happening now.  As Commissioner I will continue championing the Lucas County Sustainability program and will work with the State and Federal Government to obtain dollars for our county to enhance programs to be a partner in slowing down climate change. 

Transgender athletes and participation in competition:
As a County Commissioner this isn’t a policy that I can act upon.   However, I support all of the issues and causes advocated by the LGBTQ+ community.

Bolstering local business opportunity and support:
I will facilitate and maintain opportunities for local business to thrive in Lucas County and the region.  One way to do this is for the County to invest in a strategic planning process with all our municipalities, business leaders, labor leaders and our public. This process will be the guiding tool to grow as a county and provide numerous opportunities. 

Teaching K-12 critical race theory: 
Very simple, It’s not taught in K-12 education.  I will continue to be a fierce advocate for Early Childhood education and funding K-12 education. 

Gay Marriage: 
As I have stated before I support the LGBTQ+ community therefore I support any marriage between two individuals.

The events of January 6, 2021:
As a supporter of the constitution, law enforcement and our military, the events of January 6, 2021 were deplorable and counterintuitive to what we stand for as a country that stands for democracy. 

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio:
As an advocate for working families, I will always strive for livable wages and increases in benefits for the citizens of Lucas County.  

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care): 
I support reasonable paid family leave for child/senior care.  I support fathers having paid leave for the birth of their child as well.  



Responsible Gun Ownership

Everyone should be educated about gun safety. Anyone legally allowed to carry a firearm should be educated and understand the consequences surrounding possessing a firearm. Gun ownership is guaranteed and protected by the Constitution of the United States and should be upheld.

Access to Abortion and related services

Women and families should have unfettered access to quality medical care, information, and privacy. Most of all women and individuals should have the final say in what happens with their bodies & health care.

Adjustments to the cost of health care

The rising costs of health care disrupts the lives and bankrupts millions of seniors and Ohio families annually. I am in support of lowering prescription drug medicines, medical procedures for seniors and for all. We must invest in our healthcare system to ensure that it is affordable and that we have the best trained medical staff and personnel.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues

We must protect our planet and understand that we should not destroy the only place where human beings are able to live. Stop littering and polluting – so that future generations can enjoy the benefits of a clean planet.

Transgender athletes and participation in competition

I believe in equality, equity, and democracy. No one should be discriminated against. 

Bolstering local business opportunities and support

I support local businesses and believe that every effort should be made to invest in local talent. Our region is ripe with innovation, ingenuity, and hard-working people. 

Teaching K-12 grades critical race theory

Buzz words are often used to confuse, misinform, and divide. I am opposed to Big Government Censorship. I am in favor of allowing teachers the autonomy to teach and not be Censored by Big Government.  Allow teachers to use the resources needed to develop students to become good citizens (respectful, honest, compassionate, & resilient), great critical thinkers, and objective researchers so that they may become leaders from a well-informed electorate.

Most people do not know that critical race theory’s origins are from the field of law. It has been used by scholars such as the late Harvard Law School Professor and civil rights attorney Derrick Bell. Bell and other legal scholars and sociologists developed CRT to explain the complexities and nuances of racism in the legal field and society.  Students in K-12 grades do not have the prerequisites or instructors to teach them about legal and social curriculum taught in graduate schools and law schools. 

Gay marriage

I believe in equality, equity, and democracy. No one should be discriminated against nor have their civil rights or Constitutional rights violated. Love is life.

The events of January 6, 2021

[They] represent a very turbulent and virulent time in modern American history.  The attacks on the United States Capitol and our nation’s lawmakers further highlight that we must have open, honest communications about how we see ourselves and each other in our nation. Back in the day – Benjamin Franklin said to delegates at the Constitutional Convention – that we must come together, compromise, and stand UNITED because our enemies are watching. 

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio

I am in favor of providing quality education, financial literacy training, and job training opportunities to help mothers, individuals, and families better their positioning to command higher wages. A minimum wage does not necessarily equate to a less complicated life nor a living wage.  Let’s be for real about the growing divide between the haves and the have nots in America.  Let’s take real steps towards improving our quality of life, mental health, wages, and eliminating student loan debt.  

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care)

Family leave is necessary and reflects a culture that puts families and people first. I am for it. For those who are opposed to it and/or abuse it – Karma will call. We all know that one of the most important moments for a new family and a baby are during the first three months after birth.  Mother, dad, and child deserve the opportunity to bond, connect. Employees should not have to worry about losing their job as they take care of their ailing parents, spouses or children. Strong families make great neighborhoods and great cities.


Responsible Gun Ownership

As a dad of three school-age kids, I am committed to working to keep our communities safe and free from the threat of violence. In the Senate, I will fight for gun safety reform legislation, including commonsense proposals to expand background checks and keep guns away from dangerous criminals.

Access to Abortion and related services

The Supreme Court’s decision to overturn Roe v. Wade is the biggest act of governmental overreach in my lifetime. I am an original co-sponsor of the Women’s Health Protection Act, which would protect abortion access, and I will continue to fight like hell for reproductive freedom in the Senate.

Adjustments to the cost of health care

Nobody should go broke from hospital or prescription costs. I voted to let Medicare negotiate lower drug costs, and I’m working to expand Medicare, lower the eligibility age to 60, let folks buy-in to the program at 50, and create a public health care option for those who want it.

Stance regarding climate change and options to address the issues

We can’t afford not to take action against climate change. As Ohio’s next senator, I’ll continue to support innovation, create new jobs and opportunities for the Buckeye State to dominate the clean energy industries of the future, and protect the health and safety of every Ohioan.

Transgender athletes and participation in competition

I agree with Governor DeWine that federal and state governments have no business pushing legislation that takes personal decisions out of the hands of students, parents, teachers, and coaches, and makes political victims of young kids who deserve our support as they navigate a challenging world.

Bolstering local business opportunities and support

Rebuilding our economy is a team effort that must include businesses and workers. I’ve brought billions of dollars home to Ohio to promote innovation and help businesses succeed. I’ll keep working to support entrepreneurs and local companies, and cut taxes for the family businesses at the heart of our communities.

Teaching K-12 grades critical race theory 

We shouldn’t teach CRT in K-12. We can teach history— good and bad—without pitting parents against teachers. As a dad, I want to know what’s happening in my kids’ school. As the husband of a longtime teacher I know it’ll take all of us to help our kids succeed.

Gay marriage

Protections for gay marriage are settled law. I voted for the Respect for Marriage Act to codify gay marriage and am committed making sure that all Ohioans are able to live their lives safely, with dignity, and free from discrimination or fear.

The events of January 6, 2021

The attempted ransacking of our democracy on January 6th was a tragedy and a disgrace. We must remember those who lost their lives in the line of duty that day and continue working to protect the sanctity of our democratic process and build a government that works for all Americans.

Minimum wage for workers in Ohio

Every worker deserves a fair wage. I’ve spent my career fighting for working people, which is why in the Senate, I’ll keep fighting to raise the minimum wage to $15—and ensure everyone can get a good-paying job. Everyone should be able to access basic necessities like food and shelter.

Family leave (paid/unpaid time off for child/senior care)

Nobody should have to choose between a paycheck and their health or that of a family member. In Congress, I cosponsored the Family and Medical Insurance Leave (FAMILY) Act, a bill that would establish 12 weeks of paid leave, and I’ll continue this fight in the Senate.